STCV. Bibliography of the Hand Press Book

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Using Brocade

STCV descriptions are made in the web-based Library Information Management System of Brocade Library Services. Brocade is developed and maintained by Anet at the University of Antwerp. This software provides the input form for rare books, thesauri or authority files and the possibility of creating different OPAC's.

Special characters

Most fields in Brocade allow a limited HTML input. Some often used HTML-tags are:

  • <br> to indicate a line-break
  • <sup> and </sup> to put signs in superscript

Besides those, there are also some special shortened notations:

  • Characters between curly brackets (braces) {} appear in superscript
  • <<pi>> or <<03C0>> for the letter π
  • <<chi>> or <<03C7>> for the letter χ
  • <<aelig>> and <<AElig>> for æ respectively Æ
  • <<oelig>> and <<OElig>> for œ respectively Œ

Brocade recognises all characters from the character set iso-latin-1. A list of codes is available for other characters. Greek letters may be entered in different ways: between double angle quote (such as <<pi>>), with the function 'Special characters' in a text editor, or by using a Greek layout for the keyboard. The system automatically converts the entered Greek characters into the correct numerical code.

Authority Records

Brocade is a system of relational databases. Different groups of similar information such as information about authors, corporate authors, geographical names, printers, and so on are saved in separate files. This has the advantage that information should, in general, only be entered once and can from then on be recalled, consulted and completed.

These files are authority files. This means that the information in these records may only be altered by someone that is authorised to do so. This increases the coherence and consistency of the files. There are no limits, however, on consulting the files. The authority files make it easier to manage recurring information and to link this information to descriptions.

Personal Authors

Personal authors are found in the authority file 'Personen' [people], corporate authors in the file 'Corporatieve auteurs' [corporate authors]. The process described here is similar to that of geographical names and printers.

Personal authors are systematically saved in the 'Personenthesaurus' [people thesaurus]. Care is taken to bring all possible variant forms of the same personal name under the same main form. The principle is: one person receives one thesaurus record. The main form is the normalised, 'arbitrary' name by which the author is best known. For classical and medieval authors, we use the main form as it is given in RAK (Regeln für die alphabetische Katalogisierung). The name form in this field is noted as follows:

Last name, particles, First name [extension]

By particles we mean all prefixes added to a name but separated from this by a space or an apostrophe. Only the Irish and Scottish particals O'... en Mac.../Mc... are retained with the name. A comma followed by a space is place between elements. The extension is entered in a separate field and appears in the indexes always between square brackets. Some extensions may be entered in a controlled manner, but free entry is also possible. The extension may for example contain indications such as 'jr.' or 'sr.' of classical indications to distinguish homonyms ('rhetor', 'philosophus'). A Roman numeral indicating a generation in a dynasty or family, is not placed in the extension but added in the main form after the first name. The particle 's.' for a saint is never present in the main form but can be added in a separate reference term containing the just the author's first name.

Example: Main form of an author

Brande, vanden, Stijn [jr.]
Hollander, d', Joost

Example: main form of a printer

Bellerus, Petrus I [Widow and heirs]

These records then contain all relevant references by which the author is known, or that appear in consulted works and literature. Both the main form and the reference terms are indexed, meaning the user will effortlessly arrive at the correct record. Someone looking for the term 'Suivius' will be referred to the main form of 'Hazart, Cornelius'. After clicking on the main form, you arrive at the authority record itself, where all the reference terms are presented.


For each personal author, a minimum of two and usually three types of relation are made:

  • the period in which the person lived: an author living and working in the seventeenth century receives the indication '92.17'
  • the geographical region(s) in which the person was active
  • usually an indication of the profession or capacity in which a person was known is added, for example 'juristen' [lawyers], 'Italiaanse letterkunde' [Italian literature] or 'Christendom: personen' [Christianity: people].
Often used relations
Subject (Dutch) Subject (English) Code
Biografie: oudheid Biography: antiquity 92.001
Biografie: 1-499 Biography: 1-499 92.001.9
Biografie: 1600-1699 Biography: 1600-1699 92.17
Christendom: personen Christianity: people 27.92
België: personen Belgium: people 949.3.92
Frankrijk: personen France: people 944.92
Italië: personen Italy: people 946.1.92
Nederland: personen The Netherlands: people 949.2.92
Spanje: personen Spain: people 946.0.92
Latijnse letterkunde: auteurs Latin literature: authors 971.92
Middeleeuwse Latijnse letterkunde: auteurs Medieval Latin literature: authors 871.3.92
Neolatijnse letterkunde: auteurs Neolatin literature: authors 871.6.92
Nederlandse letterkunde: auteurs Dutch literature: authors 839.3.92
Franse letterkunde: auteurs French literature: authors 840.92
Spaanse letterkunde: auteurs Spanish literature: authors 860.92
Filosofen Philosophers 10.92
Kerkvaders Church Fathers 23.012.92
Historici Historians 93.92
Juristen Lawyers 34.92
Medici Doctors 61.92
Grafici Graphic artists 76.92
Wiskundigen. Statistici. Logici Mathematicians. Statisticians. Logicians 51.92
Uitgevers. Drukkers. Boekverzorgers. Bibliofielen Publishers. Printers. Lay-outers. Bibliophiles 09.92
Bibliografen. Bibliothecarissen Bibliographers. Librarians 02.92

Scope notes

Personal authors always receive a scope note of the type 'bio'. This note contains, as much as possible, at a minimum the year of birth ('begindatum' [start date]), the year of death ('einddatum' [end date]), the place of birth ('beginplaats' [start place]) and the place of death ('eindplaats' [end place]). If no exact year is known, this is noted as: 'c. 1608'. Years before our calendar are indicated with 'ante Chr.' Indications such as termini post or ante quem or centuries are converted to a circa-indication. Place names are always recorded in Dutch, without additions. Further clarifications could potentially be added in the biographical scope note itself.

The free field in the biographical scope note may be utilised in any way. Entering information is compulsory for religious authors: for these authors the order to which they belonged is always mentioned here. The order-indication is abbreviated according to the list of Herwig Ooms, Repertorium universale siglorum ordinum et institutum religiosorum in ecclesia catholica, Brussels 1959. For saints, their feast day is always mentioned.

The biographical scope notes are always internal: they can not be seen or consulted by the end user.

The field 'Bron' [source] contains the bibliographical references used to find the information for the scope note. Preference is given to the known standard works and works present in the STCV list of references. If the information is derived from an external online database, the link to this may be added here.


It is possible for authors to put in a hyperlink to an external database. Important databases are the RKD (for graphic artists), Agrippa (for Flemish authors) and BBKL (for religious authors).
→ RKD: Rijksbureau voor Kunsthistorische Documentatie (
→ BBKL: Biographisch-Bibliographisches Kirchenlexicon (

Corporate Authors

Inputting corporate authors is largely similar to personal authors. Religious institutions receive a structured main form consisting of an abbreviation of the order, followed by the location, potentially followed by a further reference. The rules for transcription and the use of capital letters are followed.


S.J., Brugge
S.J., Antwerpen, college
Raad van Brabant

Staten van Brabant

Rare Book Printers

The main words and reference terms for publishers, printers and book sellers follow largely the same rules as those for authors. However, no relations are added. Furthermore, the authority record of the printer receives a number of additional scope notes that may help in the identification:

  1. biography
  2. address
  3. (shop) sign
  4. profession

Fields must be added in the order indicated above. In the fields address, sign and profession, information is noted as follows.

  • first: the first piece of information in normalised form, followed by the years for which it is valid
  • then: potentially a second piece of information in the same manner
  • finally: per main form, all the non-normalised variants found in described editions are added.

To prevent that empty fields are deleted by the system, a hyphen (-) is added.

Mommaert, Jan I
Address Brussel 1603, 1606, 1608, 1610-1613, 1615, 1617, 1620, 1626-1631

achter het Stadhuis, tegenover Onze-Lieve-Vrouwefontein 1617, 1620
achter het Stadhuis 1608, 1615, 1626, 1628-1629

achter het Stadhuis, in de Stoofstraat 1603, 1611

achter het Stadthuys, teghen ouer onse L. Vrouwe Fonteyne
woonende achter t'Stadt-huys
achter Stadt-huys
achter Stadt-huys, inde stoof-strate

Sign in de Drukkerij 1603, 1608, 1611, 1628, 1631

in de Druck erije [!]
inde Druckerye
De l'Imprimerie
sub signo Prœlio Typographici

Profession Gezworen boekdrukker 1606, 1610, 1612, 1630

gezworen boekdrukker der prinselijke stad Brussel 1626-1627

Drukker van de stad 1631

typ. jur.
imprimeur iure
imprimeur juré
ghesworen boeckdrucker der Princelijcker Stadt Brussele
Imprimeur jurè de la Ville de Bruxelles
Civitatis Typ.